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Barbara Hendricks 简介

简介:女高音,1948年11月20日出生于美国阿肯色州史蒂芬斯,在亚斯本音乐学校师从托瑞尔(Jennie
Tourel),1969年到1972年进入纽约茱丽亚音乐院并以音乐学士毕业,期间曾参加过卡拉斯的大师班。1976年在旧金山歌剧院演出蒙台威尔第的《波碧亚的加冕》是她第一次踏上歌剧舞台,而两年后在柏林以《费加洛的婚礼》中饰演的苏珊娜获得个人的国际性成功,逐渐地韩翠克丝成为最耀眼的声乐名家之一。韩翠克丝不仅是当今最著名的三大黑人女高音之一,同时拥有“来自天堂的声音”的美誉。
1978年,卡拉扬在录制威尔第歌剧《唐卡洛》之时,其中有一个小段咏叹调是从天上传来的救赎声音,大师找到一位出道没多久的年轻女高音来演唱,由于卡拉扬的赏识,从此芭芭拉·韩翠克丝(Barbara
Hendricks)便拥有「来自天堂的声音」的美誉,一直到现年将近五十岁的她,声音依旧如同是天上清音般吸引著世人。
出生于美国阿肯色州、有著娃娃脸的韩翠克丝不仅是当今最著名的三大黑人女高音之一,同时也可以说是世界顶尖的声乐名家。当然她不像芭托或是洁西·诺曼那样在舞台上光芒四射,但是她的艺术特质却更为不凡,就像她所得到的数学与化学学士一般,在韩翠克丝那清澄透彻的声音里,总是传达出理性思维与感性情绪的融合音质。一九七二年她又在纽约茱莉亚音乐学院以音乐学士毕业,一九七六年在旧金山歌剧院演出蒙台威尔第的《波碧亚的加冕》是她第一次踏上歌剧舞台,而两年后在柏林以《费加洛的婚礼》中的苏珊娜获得个人的国际性成功,逐渐地韩翠克丝成为当代最耀眼的声乐家之一。
韩翠克丝靠的便是极端纤细敏锐的音色,让她拥有最典型的抒情女高音风格,再加上那充满灵性的诠释手法与技巧,于是在歌剧领域当中,尤其是德奥曲目里像苏珊娜、帕蜜娜、苏菲(《玫瑰骑士》)等这类必须用声音来细腻刻画的角色,韩翠克丝的表现始终令人叹服不已。从她灌录的第一张录音(一九七五年由马捷尔指挥的盖希文歌剧《乞丐与荡妇》当中的克拉拉)开始,尽管她的戏码选择没有特别的焦点,却因为严谨与精致的演唱,即使是不同风格的歌剧演出也都鲜有失败之作。不过她在歌剧以外的音乐领域却更为亮眼,韩翠克丝为EMI灌录的黑人灵歌专辑就是一张值得珍藏的录音,而她的宗教音乐、艺术歌曲、爵士乐甚至通俗音乐等不同领域的成绩,几乎都是备受乐迷的好评。
而看看韩翠克丝所获得的推崇也是令人相当咋舌,包括一九八六年获得法国政府颁发的「艺术与文学统御者」的荣誉,她是有史以来最年轻的受奖者。一九八七年因为她的人道精神而成为联合国国际难民组织的亲善大使,在各大学也获得无数的荣誉博士学位,九三年她受邀在美国克林顿总统的就职典礼演唱等等,这些成就,不仅显示韩翠克丝是一位优异的声乐家,更展现她身为一位真正艺术家的风范。
Barbara
Hendricks
was
born
in
Arkansas,
USA
and
received
her
musical
training
and
her
Bachelor
of
Music
at
the
Juilliard
School
of
Music
in
New
York
where
she
studied
with
mezzo-soprano
Jennie
Tourel.
Earlier,
she
had
completed
her
studies
at
the
University
of
Nebraska
receiving
the
degree
of
Bachelor
of
Science
in
Mathematics
and
Chemistry
at
the
age
of
20.
She
made
her
American
and
European
operatic
debuts
in
1974
at
the
San
Francisco
Opera
and
at
the
Glyndebourne
Festival
and
went
on
to
appear
at
all
major
opera
houses
throughout
the
world,
including
the
Paris
Opera,
the
Metropolitan
Opera,
Covent
Garden
and
La
Scala.
Susanna
in
Le
Nozze
di
Figaro
was
her
debut
role
in
Berlin,
Vienna,
Hamburg
and
Munich,
as
well
as
the
role
she
sang
in
the
last
performances
that
the
late
Karl
Böhm
conducted
of
this
opera.
Barbara
Hendricks
has
more
than
20
roles
in
her
active
opera
repertoire,
12
of
which
she
has
already
recorded.
They
range
from
Mozart
(Pamina
in
Die
Zauberflöte
and
Ilia
in
Idomeneo)
to
French
classics
(Antonia
in
Les
Contes
d'Hoffman,
Micaela
in
Bizet's
Carmen,
Massenet's
Manon
and
Gounod's
Juliette,
Debussy's
Mélisande),
and
the
Italian
masterpieces
(Liù
in
Turandot
and
Gilda
in
Rigoletto).
She
sang
'Liu'
in
the
historical
premiere
performance
of
Turandot,
given
in
the
Forbidden
City
in
Beijing
in
1998,
conducted
by
Zubin
Mehta
and
directed
by
Zhang
Yimou.
In
March
2000
she
added
Tatiana
in
Eugene
Oneguin
at
the
Nice
Opera
with
Vladimir
Chernov.
She
made
her
film
debut
as
Mimi
in
La
Bohème,
directed
by
Luigi
Comencini.
In
1994
she
participated
in
an
international
prize-winning
film
production
of
The
Rake's
Progress
singing
Anne
Truelove,
conducted
by
Esa-Pekka
Salonen.
She
was
a
member
of
the
jury
at
the
International
Film
Festival
in
Cannes
1999,
presided
by
David
Cronenberg.
Since
her
1974
New
York
Town
Hall
debut,
Barbara
Hendricks
has
been
acclaimed
as
one
of
the
leading
and
most
active
recitalists
of
her
generation
and
in
addition
to
her
vast
repertoire
of
German
Lieder
she
is
also
known
as
a
leading
interpreter
and
staunch
promoter
of
French,
American
and
Scandinavian
music.
The
pianists
with
whom
she
has
performed
and
recorded
include
Dmitri
Alexeev,
Michel
Béroff,
Yefim
Bronfman,
Michel
Dalberto,
Youri
Egorov,
Ralf
Gothoni,
Radu
Lupu,
Maria
Joao
Pires,
Roland
Pöntinen,
Staffan
Scheja,
Andras
Schiff
and
Peter
Serkin.
Because
of
her
love
for
chamber
music,
she
regularly
participates
and
also
organises
chamber
music
festivals
with
friends
who
share
her
passion.
Barbara
Hendricks
has
performed
her
extensive
orchestral
repertoire
with
all
of
the
leading
conductors
and
orchestras
of
our
time.
She
is
one
of
today's
best-selling
recording
artists
and
has
made
nearly
80
recordings
with
conductors
such
as
Barenboim,
Bernstein,
Davis,
Dorati,
Giulini,
Haitink,
Karajan,
Maazel,
Mehta,
Sawallisch
and
Solti.
She
made
her
jazz
debut
at
the
Montreux
Jazz
Festival
in
1994
and
has
since
then
performed
regularly
in
renowned
jazz
festivals
throughout
the
world
with
the
Magnus
Lindgren
Quartet.
Barbara
Hendricks
has
toured
Japan
with
von
Karajan
(1977),
Bernstein
(1985),
with
the
Vienna
State
Opera
(1986)
and
the
Hamburg
Opera
(1996).
In
addition
to
her
busy
concert
and
opera
schedule
in
Europe
and
in
the
United
States,
she
alternates
every
other
year
with
extensive
tours
to
the
Far
East
or
Latin
America
and
performs
regularly
at
international
music
festivals
worldwide.
In
1974,
she
sang
the
American
premiere
of
Gilbert
Amy's
Un
Espace
Déployé
with
the
Chicago
Symphony
and
Sir
Georg
Solti,
who
invited
her
back
for
the
world
premiere
of
the
American
Bicentennial
Commission
of
David
Del
Tredici's
Final
Alice,
which
she
subsequently
performed
with
the
Boston,
Philadelphia
and
Cleveland
Symphonies,
and
the
New
York
and
Los
Angeles
Philharmonic
Orchestras.
She
sang
the
American
premiere
of
the
'Dies
Irae'
of
Penderecki
in
1976
with
the
Los
Angeles
Philarmonic
and
Zubin
Mehta.
She
gave
the
world
premiere
of
Tobias
Picker's
The
Rain
in
the
Trees
with
Lorin
Maazel
and
the
Pittsburgh
Symphony
in
1996;
as
a
special
guest
of
Lord
Menuhin,
she
premiered
works
by
five
internationally
known
composers,
dedicated
to
Lord
Menuhin
for
his
80th
Birthday
Celebration
at
the
closing
concert
of
the
Lincoln
Center
Music
Festival;
and
in
1997,
the
world
premiere
in
Japan,
of
songs
by
young
Japanese
composer
Mari
Takano.
In
2000
she
performed
Sven-David
Sandström's
Mölna
Elegy
commissioned
for
her
by
the
Gotland
Chamber
Festival.
She
performed
in
2002
the
world
premiere
of
Bruno
Mantovani’s
Das
erschaft
der
Dichter
nicht
commissioned
for
her
by
the
Ensemble
Intercontemporain
of
Paris.
In
2004
she
premiered
Arvo
Pärt’s
l’Abbé
Agathon
for
eight
cellos
commissioned
for
her
by
the
Festival
L’Ensembles
de
Violoncelles
in
France.
At
the
end
of
2004
she
will
sing
the
part
of
The
Angel
in
the
world
premiere
of
Peter
Eötvös’s
opera,
“Angel”
based
on
the
Tony
Kushner
play
“Angels
in
America”
at
the
Châtelet
Theatre,
Paris.
Barbara Hendricks 简介
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